San Diego airport
The San Diego County International Airport. Photo courtesy KPBS News.

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The San Diego International Airport’s outgoing CEO, Thella Bowens, spent more than $340,000 of airport money traveling throughout more than 20 countries in the past six years, according to an inewsource/CBS8 examination.

Her trips — more than 125 of them
approved by the airport’s board of directors
included stays at five-star hotels in Hawaii, China and Paris and $10,000 plane tickets to Australia and
South Africa
for conferences, meetings and speaking engagements. A trip to Israel in December to attend a panel on security protocols cost the airport $10,600.

Bowens declined a request for an interview. A spokeswoman for the San Diego County Regional Airport Authority sent written responses to questions about accountability and excess.

“Business travel is key to continuous learning about the aviation industry and helps us meet our goal of attracting new nonstop air service to satisfy regional demand,” said spokeswoman Rebecca Bloomfield. “To do that, we have to be an active participant in the aviation industry.”

San Diego media has scrutinized airport spending since at least 2007, when The San Diego Union-Tribune found top officials and board members had spent almost half a million dollars on business and travel expenses over a four-year period. That story, plus similar reporting over the next few years, prompted policy changes that aimed to curb exorbitant spending.

Yet receipts examined by inewsource/CBS8 show Bowens still stays at top hotels, rides first-class rail through Europe and expenses single plane tickets that cost more than double what the Phoenix airport’s CEO spent on travel throughout an entire year.

Haney Hong, the president of the San Diego County Taxpayers Association, said it’s the responsibility of the airport’s board of directors to assess whether Bowens’ trips are in the best interest of the public agency.

“Based on their plans,” Hong said of the board, “they have to make the judgment if the travel and engagement with industry groups is appropriate — given the needs of the airport.”

Others aren’t as forgiving.

“Here you have a number of instances,” said former San Diego City Attorney Michael Aguirre, “in which the officials entrusted with managing the resources and finances of the airport authority have been put on notice of this problem — and basically just looked the other way.

“When people become entrenched for a long period of time in public service jobs in San Diego, the fiscal integrity and discipline are weakened to the point of waste.”

airplane flying over Bankers Hill

The big picture

For context, inewsource/CBS8 compared Bowens’ travel to her colleagues’ at other airports in the region, including Los Angeles International Airport, Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport and San Francisco International Airport.

The CEO in San Francisco spent less than $4,000 on travel in 2016.
His colleague in Phoenix spent about $5,000.
Los Angeles — which services almost four times as many passengers as San Diegoreimbursed its CEO about $29,000 for travel last year.

Bowens’ trips added up to $61,258 in 2016.

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To be fair, each airport is unique and its priorities may differ. LAX, SFO and PHX are among the 10 busiest airports in the country according to FAA data, and don’t need to woo airlines and business as much as SAN — which was 27th on the FAA list for 2015.

Frequent business travelers also point out that international travel is physically exhausting, and good rest — the kind you can only get lying supine in first class — is key to conducting high-stakes business deals and negotiations.

Yet there remains a question of “optics,” or how things look to the people ultimately footing the bill — the public.

“I’ll tell you one thing,” Aguirre said, “I can’t think of anything that makes San Diego look worse than to have one of its public officials over there at a five-star hotel, flying in first class and throwing money around like they come from a community that doesn’t have any real careful management.”

The topic resonates with Aguirre, a former federal Department of Justice assistant attorney who ran for city attorney during San Diego’s financial crisis and investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Bowens’ travel, he said, is a symptom of a larger problem in politics.

“… You’re operating as if you’re a private corporate officer, as if you have the largesse of personal money. That’s not consistent with what most people want out of their public officials. They want them to be prudent. They want them to be modest in the way that they spend.”

Hong from the Taxpayers Association agreed, but urged it all be viewed in context.

“Exorbitance is not a good thing,” Hong said.

“Now what is exorbitant? That’s what needs to be evaluated. Without context it’s very challenging to make an assessment.”

This is a public agency

Research and interviews have made one thing clear: the airport sees itself as different from other local government agencies. The point is stressed on the agency’s website, in quotes to reporters over the years, and most recently in responses to inewsource/CBS8.

Clearly, the airport authority is a public agency subject to California open meetings and records laws. It operates with public funds: FAA data show the airport authority received $247 million in federal funding for capital improvement projects, such as noise mitigation, rehabilitating runways and other big-ticket items, since 2005.

However, representatives of the authority take an alternative view.

Jonathan Heller, a spokesman for the airport, said in an email that money shouldn’t be considered federal tax money because those funds “are not drawn from the US general budget. They are drawn from the Airport and Airways Trust Fund, which is funded solely by users of the aviation system. Congress set this up specifically so that people who don’t use the aviation system don’t pay for it.”

In the same email response, Heller pointed out that the airport authority must “act as a responsible steward of public funds. We take that responsibility very seriously. However, those public funds do not include local, state or federal tax dollars.”

The airport also occupies the single largest swath of public land along San Diego Bayat a cost of one dollar per year. That arguably makes the property a gift from the public. (The tidelands around the bay are overseen and managed by the Port of San Diego but by law belong to the public). To this point, Heller explained, “The airport sits on state-owned land. The Airport Authority is a state-created public entity that engages in public work. As such, there is no ‘gift’ of public funds.”

There is more to it than just the value of the property.

The majority of the airport’s revenue is derived from operations on that land — $174 million from building rentals, parking revenue, rental car licensing and other sources according to its 2017 budget.

Airport employees are also enrolled in the Airport Authority fund within the San Diego City Employees’ Retirement System, a public employee pension fund.

Bowens — who earned $380,000 last year in pay and benefitswill receive a pension of more than $172,000 a year after she retires in March.

inewsource/CBS8 attempted to speak with former and current airport board members for this story: Councilman David Alvarez’s spokesperson said he didn’t have time to talk about it and Councilman Mark Kersey’s office did not respond to the request.

Brad Racino was the assistant editor and senior investigative reporter at inewsource. He's a big fan of transparency, whistleblowers and government agencies forgetting to redact key information from FOIA requests. Brad received his master’s degree in journalism from the University of Missouri in...